SYUTEO's guide to raising semi-claustral queen ants

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SYUTEO
Posts: 699
Joined: Thu Aug 29, 2019 8:58 am
Location: Malaysia

SYUTEO's guide to raising semi-claustral queen ants

Post: # 82616Post SYUTEO
Sun Sep 19, 2021 1:26 am

Just a random and hopefully useful guide. :) I might do a remake of this guide with pictures and better info.

If you're a beginner, raising semi-claustral queens can be quite hard but once you know what to do, you will raise them very successfully.

The most obvious subfamily with semi-claustral queens is Ponerinae. All ants in the subfamily Ponerinae are semi-claustral and some can be quite picky. The most commonly found queens of Ponerinae are Ponera, Hypoponera, Brachyponera, Odontomachus, Odontoponera, Anochetus, Neoponera and Pachycondyla however raising them are very similar. First you will need an ordinary test tube setup filled with substrate (despite what most people think, an outworld isn't necessary but some will need it), the substrate is a must as it prevents the queen from slipping in the test tube as Ponerine ants can't climb smooth surfaces and the larvae need it to spin their cocoons. They also like high humidity but if the substrate gets too wet, the larvae will fail to pupate. Once you get her in the test tube, you should feed her insects such as mealworms, crickets, roaches etc, they don't need honey or sugar water and will most likely ignore it. If you don't feed her she will die very quickly. Make sure the prey is smaller than the queen as they cannot do trophallaxis to feed her larvae, extra food left uneaten can also lead to mold. Always remove the leftovers of her meals. The larvae will usually hatch 14-30 days after she lays her eggs. Once you see larvae, you will need to feed her 2 days to everyday. Depending on the species, egg to worker can take 1-3 months so be patient. You may struggle a little bit but once the workers arrive, the hard work is all over and it should be pretty easy to take care of the colony.

The subfamilies Ectatomminae (Rhytidoponera, Ectatomma, Gnamptogenys etc), Amblyoponinae (Stigmatomma, Amblyopone, Mystrium etc), Heteroponerinae (Acanthoponera, Heteroponera etc), Leptanillinae (Leptanilla, Protanilla etc), Pseudomymicinae (Pseudomyrmex, Tetraponera etc) and Myrmeciinae (Myrmecia) are mostly similar to Ponerinae but some may require a specific diet and Ectatomminae, Myrmeciinae and Pseudomymicinae also need to be fed with honey or sugar water. Some may also have a different humidity preference.

There are not many but the subfamily Formicinae do have some species that are semi-claustral such as Gigantiops, some species of Camponotus, some species of Colobopsis, Polyrhachis and a few more. Again, raising them is similar to Ponerinae but they do have a few major differences. Polyrhachis and Camponotus have cocooned pupae but they don't really need substrate but you can add it if you're not sure. They also have different humidity preferences, Colobopsis like less humidity and therefore adding substrate can be quite dangerous. Gigantiops can be sensitive to light due to them have great vision.

Raising a Myrmicinae semi-claustral queen is too complex and the post will get too long so I will write it in the next post.
Keeping:
2 Camponotus colony 1 Lepisiota colony 1 Solenopsis queen 1 Crematogaster queen
1 Meranoplus colony 1 Monomorium colony 1 Anochetus colony

SYUTEO
Posts: 699
Joined: Thu Aug 29, 2019 8:58 am
Location: Malaysia

Re: SYUTEO's guide to raising semi-claustral queen ants

Post: # 82627Post SYUTEO
Sun Sep 19, 2021 4:45 am

Depending on the species, some semi-claustral ants in the subfamily Myrmicinae can be very easy or very hard to raise, hopefully this guide will help you.

Some examples of semi-claustral Myrmicinae ants include some species of Tetramorium, Myrmica, Manica, Metapone, most fungus growing ants, Strumigenys and a lot more. The care for Tetramorium, Myrmica, Manica, Metapone, Cardiocondyla and most similar species is the same for Ponerinae (the post above) but you don't need to give them substrate because they don't have cocooned pupae and you will also need to feed them honey/sugar water.

For fungus growing ants, I don't have much info on keeping them since I don't live where they're found but here's a guide I found: https://www.formiculture.com/topic/15532-cheetos-ultimate-guide-to-leafcutter-ants%E2%84%A2/

For Mrymicinae trap jaws (Strumigenys, Acanthognathus, Epopostruma etc), depending on the species, you need to feed them tiny insects such as springtails. Usually a test tube is not the best way of raising them but you can fill a small vail or petri dish with substrate and add a piece of bark for her to hide. Add some springtails in for her to catch and eat, always put living springtails in as she won't eat dead springtails.

Pogonomyrmex harvester ant queens will need to eat seeds so give her seeds of various flowers, fruits or vegetables (DO NOT feed them the seeds of apples, cherries, apricots and other related fruits, their seeds are poisonous and can kill your queen). You will also need to feed her honey/sugar water and insects.

I did a lot of research so hopefully this guide will help you successfully found your semi-claustral queen ant. :)
Keeping:
2 Camponotus colony 1 Lepisiota colony 1 Solenopsis queen 1 Crematogaster queen
1 Meranoplus colony 1 Monomorium colony 1 Anochetus colony

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